Kursus Kualiti Udara Dalaman (Indoor Air Quality)

Kursus Kualiti Udara Dalaman Indoor Air Quality

Kursus yang telah diadakan pada 5 Oktober 2017 bertempat di Bilik Latihan Seri Teratai Aras 1, Kompleks Pejabat Pendaftar. Kursus separuh hari tersebut dikendalikan oleh Prof. Madya Engr. Dr. Abdul Mutalib Bin Leman dari Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan dengan dibantu oleh beberapa orang pelajar Pasca-Siswazah dibawah seliaan beliau.

Kursus ini telah berjaya menarik penyertaan seramai 60 orang peserta daripada Sembilan Pusat Tanggungjawab yang dijemput.

Objektif utama penganjuran kursus ini adalah untuk memberikan kesedaran serta penerangan kepada warga kampus, khususnya yang terlibat secara langsung dengan kerja-kerja di lokasi yang kedap udara dalam jangkamasa yang panjang, mengenai kepentingan mengambil peduli mengenai tahap pengudaraan di persekitaran lokasi pekerjaan.

Meskipun dalam masa yang agak singkat, namun penganjuran kursus ini telah dapat membuka mata para peserta kursus akan kepentingan untuk memastikan sistem pengudaraan di lokasi kerja seharian berada pada tahap yang baik dan tidak membahayakan.

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Kursus Juruaudit Dalam OSH Sistem Pengurusan OHSAS 18001 & MS 1722

Kursus Juruaudit Dalam OSH Sistem Pengurusan OHSAS 18001 MS 1722

Kursus tersebut telah diadakan pada 2 hingga 4 Oktober 2017 bertempat di Bilik Latihan Seri Teratai Aras 1, Kompleks Pejabat Pendaftar. Kursus telah dihadiri oleh seramai 23 orang peserta yang terdiri daripada staf Bahagian OSHE,

Safety Liaison Officer (SLO) Pusat-pusat Tanggungjawab (PTj) serta staf yang terlibat dengan pengajaran dan pembelajaran berkaitan OSH.

Berbeza dengan kursus Juruaudit Dalaman yang telah dilaksanakan sebelumnya, ianya menekankan kepada beberapa bentuk latihan dalaman serta perkongsian pengalaman audit bersama fasilitator, Manogaran Manickam, dari QEHS Lead Auditor, mempunyai pengalaman luas dalam bidang auditan di beberapa organisasi di seluruh negara.

Pendedahan berkaitan OSH Management System OHSAS 18001 & MS 1722 adalah julung kali diadakan di peringkat UTHM. Ianya merupakan salah satu usaha pihak Bahagian Persekitaran, Keselamatan & Kesihatan Pekerjaan (OSHE) untuk memastikan pematuhan terhadap Akta Keselamatan & Kesihatan Pekerjaan 1994 dapat dilakukan serta dapat difahami sepenuhnya oleh pihak yang bertanggungjawab untuk melaksanakan penguatkuasaan.

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Eight Tips for Chemical Safety

Eight Tips for Chemical Safety

Chemical hygiene plans are written documents that outline the hazards present in a laboratory and explain the processes, protocols, tools, and equipment that are available to help workers guard against those hazards. Like many safety plans, chemical hygiene plans are living documents that need to be reviewed and updated often.

Although plans are often specific to each laboratory, its chemicals, and its processes, OSHA does specify certain elements that must be contained within the plan. The following tips can help minimize chemical exposure in laboratories, round out a chemical hygiene plan, and promote worker safety.

1. Use General SOPs
Each chemical has a unique set of hazards and needs to be handled properly to ensure worker safety. However, for laboratories that handle a wide variety of chemicals, establishing a separate protocol for each chemical complicates training and increases the likelihood of mishandling and exposure.

A standard operating procedure (SOP) that addresses the use of correct personal protective equipment, safe handling, safe use, and proper disposal can cover all chemicals in a laboratory. Flip charts, signs, or other literature can then be used to remind workers of specific chemical hazards.

2. Air Flow
Air quality can quickly become compromised in laboratories, making ventilation an important factor in minimizing exposure. When determining whether the local exhaust system is adequate, a good rule of thumb is that the system should be capable of at least eight to 10 air change outs per hour when the space is occupied.

In addition to the general exhaust system for the laboratory, exhaust hoods are another tool to increase safety. The National Research Council's Prudent Practices for Handling Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories recommends "2.5 linear feet of hood space per person should be provided for every 2 workers if they spend most of their time working with chemicals. Each hood should have a continuous monitoring device to allow convenient confirmation of adequate hood performance before use."

3. Housekeeping
Keeping floors clean and dry will help prevent slip and fall injuries -- the third-leading cause of worker injury and lost work time. Stocking absorbent mat pads and wipers in spill-prone locations helps employees clean up spills quickly, so the chance of a slip-and-fall incident is reduced and exposure is minimized. Providing a proper receptacle for spent cleanup materials also helps to minimize exposure.

Cleaning work surfaces throughout the day keeps work spaces uncluttered, decreasing the likelihood of reactions and spills due to counter space being overcrowded. Likewise, storing excess chemicals on countertops should be discouraged so workers will have adequate space to perform their duties properly.

Waste disposal procedures should also be established, with wastes being removed from labs to a central storage area on a regular basis. Workers should be taught not to pour liquids down drains or use hoods to get rid of volatile chemicals.

4. Storeroom Safety
A well-organized stockroom promotes safety and is more efficient. Putting one person in charge of the stockroom can help to facilitate proper organization and storage within the area. This person may also help to ensure that proper inventory levels are kept, duplicate orders aren't being placed, and expired chemicals are disposed of properly.

Even when storage space is at a premium, segregating incompatible chemicals in storerooms and providing containment for shelves are both important factors for worker safety.

Establish a plan for new chemicals. Before a chemical enters a lab, have a plan for properly handling, storing, and disposing of it.

5. Tools
Using damaged glassware can be just as dangerous as using the wrong chemicals. It doesn't take much for a hairline crack to fail and create a spill. Using containment trays will help to control the mess, but avoiding it in the first place helps save time and money and minimizes exposure.

Checking glassware and equipment prior to each use should be part of the SOP. Workers also should know how to properly handle, tag, or discard of any article that is damaged so it is not reused or put back into service until it has been repaired.

6. Spill Response
Even seasoned technicians can spill chemicals occasionally, so it's important to know how to properly handle spilled chemicals. Spill response plans should address spill prevention strategies, containment procedures, proper ventilation, when to evacuate, how to obtain medical care, and reporting requirements. Regular drills will help to reinforce the details of response plans.
Having a spill kit readily available in each laboratory helps trained workers contain and control a spill quickly, further helping to minimize exposure.

7. Safety Equipment
Signs and container labels reinforce safety and serve as a constant reminder of specific handling, use, and disposal procedures. It is equally important to properly maintain eyewash stations, drench showers, fire extinguishers, and first aid kits so that workers who are exposed to chemicals can quickly access these tools in an emergency to lessen the effects of their exposure.

8. Training
Having a chemical hygiene plan and making sure that workers understand the plan and how it helps them to avoid exposure to hazardous chemicals are essential requirements of OSHA's laboratory standard.

Training is required for all workers prior to their assignment in a laboratory, but education should not stop there. An annual presentation may not be enough to reinforce safety; training should be a regular activity that addresses the many different aspects of avoiding exposure.
Workers should know:

  • the location of the chemical hygiene plan
  • the location of MSDS and other educational literature
  • how personal protective equipment is selected, its location, how to use each piece properly, and how to determine when it needs to be replaced
  • the hazards presented by each chemical and procedure in the laboratory
  • how to handle chemicals properly to avoid exposure
  • how to label containers correctly
  • proper laboratory hygiene and conduct, such as never eating, drinking, or chewing gum in a laboratory; confining loose hair and clothing; and avoiding horseplay and practical jokes
  • how to use the "buddy system" to avoid working alone
  • how to evaluate the procedure or process they'll be performing so that they take only the amount of chemicals necessary for the job they're doing
  • how to handle waste materials

Although each laboratory comes with its own set of unique challenges, addressing known hazards and planning for anticipated ones will help to minimize chemical exposure and ensure a safer workplace for everyone.

Source : ohsonline.com

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Biosafety Act 2007: How Significant Is The Act To Researchers?

Biosafety Act 2007 How Significant Is The Act To Researchers

By : Dr. Siti Fatimah Zaharah Binti Mohamad Fuzi, UTHM

Introduction

Have you heard of transgenic rice resistance towards sheath blight disease, developed by the Rice and

Industrial Crop Research Centre, Malaysia? How about a delayed ripening papaya fruit, by MARDI? Or, if you have done some research, can you imagine genetically engineered bacteria that could prevent obesity in human beings (developed by researchers at Vanderbilt University, US)? What about microorganisms that could improve our daily lives?

These are some examples of the fascinating world in modern biotechnology. Researchers are using microorganisms, plants or animals to answer relevant scientific questions. Furthermore, with some tweaks to their genetic code, microorganisms can be synthetically turned into tiny workhorses that have super properties. If it is not too much to say, synthetic biology is now the new technology.

As enthralling as all of these may sound, there are also risks which come along with this kind of technology. There could be impact on the environment, economy and even human beings. It might be complicated to hold anyone accountable for the aftermath, resulting from unregulated LMOs (living modified organisms) or GMOs (genetically modified organisms) in future.

Therefore, the scientific community itself has been the first to stress the importance of working safely with LMOs/GMOs. Because of this, many regulations and guidelines exist for LMOs/GMOs. One of them is the Biosafety Act 2007.

What is Biosafety Act 2007?

Malaysia ratified the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety in September 2003. In 2007, a Biosafety Act was approved to regulate the release, importation and contained use of LMOs and the products of such organisms. The Biosafety Act 2007 (the Act) is drafted to be in line with the National Biological Diversity Policy (1998) and the National Biotechnology Policy (2005) and covers only modern biotechnology activities.

The Act is an enabling law where most of the operational issues will be spelt out within the regulations. After series of negotiations with stakeholders, the Act entered into force on 1 December 2009. This was later followed by the entry into force of the Biosafety (Approval and Notifications) Regulations in November 2010.

Under this Act, the National Biosafety Board (NBB) was established under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (NRE) which will be responsible for the implementation of the Biosafety Act and Regulations. The Genetic Modification Advisory Committee (GMAC) consisting of experts from various science-based and other relevant disciplines has also been established to provide scientific, technical and other relevant advice to the Minister of NRE and to NBB.

1Is the Biosafety Act anti-biotechnology?

Researchers within the scientific community may see biosafety procedures as a hindrance to their research activities.

Well, that is not true. The Act follows the broad scheme laid down by the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (CPB), as well as its parent convention, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Just like the Protocol, Malaysia recognises the twin aspects of modern biotechnology: the great potential offered by modern biotechnology and the need to protect human health and the environment from the possible adverse effects of the products of biotechnology. This is best reflected in the words of Malaysia’s former Prime Minister, Tun Dato' Sri Haji Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi, at the International Scientific Conference 2005 with the theme “Biodiversity: Science and Governance” in Paris, France,

‘….while Malaysia is aware that biotechnology holds much promise, we are also concerned that biotechnological products should not pose any threat to the environment, or to human health and safety’.

Malaysia is forging ahead in implementing legal and administrative measures on biosafety. Currently, any LMOs/GMOs intended for cultivation, contained use, field trials or consumption must be approved by the NBB, assisted by GMAC.  

 

Why is the Biosafety Act 2007 important?

The international community has recognised the potential hazards and risks of genetic engineering. In recognition of this, the Biosafety Act 2007 establishes a process to vet all applications for the direct release of LMOs into the environment to ensure that the particular LMO is safe. If it is safe, then it is approved.

To arrive at this decision, a science-based risk assessment report provided by the applicant is reviewed by GMAC. The process is suggested by the CPB. There is no a priori (preconceived) assumption against biotechnology or the approval of the LMO. The Board has to make the decision taking into account all the necessary factors and as well as public interest. The process is also transparent.

To provide a brief overview, the 2007 Act can be divided into eight parts:

Part I –mainly concerns nomenclature and definitions used in the 2007 Act Part II –concerns the establishment of the National Biosafety Board Part III – applies to release activities and import activities involving LMOs Part IV – applies to export, contained use and import for contained use activity Part V – applies to the risk assessment and risk management reports and emergency response plan Part VI – mainly concerns the enforcement and its enforcement personnel Part VII – concerns miscellaneous issues such as confidential business information, labelling and public disclosure.

As mentioned by 2Prof. Dr Gurdial Singh Nijar in a recent NRE seminar, the Act has strengthened national decision making for the introduction of GMOs.  Several other changes pertaining to GMOs and their products have come about as a result of the Act. For example, The Food Regulations 1985, under the Food Act 1983 was amended in 2010, which includes a new provision on labelling matters.

Since the Biosafety Regulations came into force in 2010, the number of applications for both notification and approval has substantially increased. The NBB has recorded a rising trend of applications since 2010 until June 2016 – from 9 in 2010 to 53 until June 2016; a five-fold increase.

Under the notification procedure under the Act, several GM crops have been created during the experimental stage in contained facilities which require notification under the Act (section 22). Some of the research work done in local research institutes and universities include:  modified rice that resists the Tungro virus; papaya that has been altered to resist ring-spot virus infection and for prolonged shelf life; pineapples manipulated to resist ‘black heart’; bananas for delayed ripening; papaya for delayed ripening;  chilies for virus resistance. They are also developing genetically-engineered oil palm to increase its beneficial oil content and to create nutraceuticals (vitamin A and E); However, these products are not ready to be commercialised for export yet as European consumers oppose GM products.

In the livestock and animal husbandry sectors, several animal recombinant and plant-based vaccines have been produced to assist the development of the industry. Marker-assisted breeding strategies are practiced to increase the efficiency of livestock breeding. In the treatment of industrial and agricultural wastes, the application of bioremediation techniques through bio-augmentation has been carried out. Plants (47%) and microbes (39%) were the main modern biotechnology activities under the notification act for contained use procedures from 2010 until June 2016.

This Act will ensure that the potential adverse impacts of modern biotechnology are minimised and managed in a manner that does not have a negative impact on conservation of biodiversity and human health.

And what does it mean when we say adverse impacts on conservation and biodiversity? It means that some organisms in the ecosystem could potentially harm others, due to the use of LMOs/GMOs. This in turn could lead to a lower level of biodiversity and disrupt the food web which could affect our food supply.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the national interest is best served by applying a balanced approach in promoting biosafety as well as embarking on further research that would benefit mankind. Thus, the Malaysian government is fully committed to discourse on issues of biosafety brought about by changes in which GMOs and their products are introduced, produced and ultimately consumed.

What is more challenging is to ensure that these are further enhanced by strong and continuing support from the researchers, private sector, and the rest of society. Researchers should by now realize the potential impact of GMOs and that they have the responsibility in making sure that the Biosafety Act is followed. Moreover, researchers can play a more active role in designing future awareness-raising programmes for the public.

Further reading:

  1. The Biosafety Act of Malaysia: Dispelling the Myths, published by Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (NRE) Malaysia (2008)
  2. A Decade of the Biosafety Act: a reflection, by Gurdial Singh Nijar, National Seminar on Biosafety 2017: A Decade of Biosafety in Malaysia (2017)
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JKKP Bimbang Lif, Eskalator Ancam Keselamatan

JKKP Bimbang Lif Eskalator Ancam Keselamatan

KUALA TERENGGANU 30 Mei – Jabatan Keselamatan dan Kesihatan Pekerjaan (JKKP) Terengganu bimbang dengan kegagalan pemilik premis menyelenggara lif dan eskalator masing-masing sehingga boleh mengancam ke­selamatan orang ramai.

Pengarahnya, Ir. Dasuki Mohd. Heak berkata, meskipun sehingga kini tiada kes kemalangan membabitkan penggunaan lif dan eskalator di negeri ini namun, pihak terbabit khususnya pemilik premis atau bangunan kerajaan, swasta serta pusat beli-belah perlu sentiasa peka bagi memastikan keselamatan terjamin.

Beliau menjelaskan, pihaknya sentiasa bekerjasama dengan para pemilik premis berkenaan termasuk menjalankan pemeriksaan ke atas lif dan eskalator dari semasa ke semasa.

“Jika kita dapati tidak selamat digunakan dan boleh mengancam keselamatan orang ramai, kita arahkan dihentikan operasi (lif dan eskalator). Kalau rosak, ia perlu ditukar dan diganti baharu,” katanya.

Beliau berkata demikian kepada pemberita selepas merasmikan Kempen Keselamatan Lif dan Eskalator Negeri Terengganu di PB Square di sini, baru-baru ini.

Yang turut hadir ialah Timbalan Pengarah JKKP negeri, Sarimah Awang.

Dasuki berkata, sehingga kini pihaknya telah memeriksa lif di beberapa bangunan kerajaan dan pusat beli-belah di negeri ini antaranya Wisma Persekutuan, Wisma Negeri, Hospital Sultanah Nur Zahirah (HSNZ), kompleks Majlis Agama Islam dan Adat Melayu (Maidam), TH Hotel serta pasaraya Mydin.

Ujarnya, beberapa lif yang terdapat di HSNZ dan Wisma Negeri sedang dalam proses diganti baharu dan setiap lif menelan kos antara RM100,000 hingga RM300,000, bergantung kepada kualiti dan kelajuan.

Selain itu, beliau turut menarik perhatian, pada masa ini terdapat 650 lif dan 95 eskalator di Terengganu dan daripada jumlah itu, 553 unit lif dan 69 eskalator didapati aktif, manakala sehingga April tahun ini, JKKP Terengganu telah memeriksa sebanyak 151 lif dan 23 eskalator.

Sumber : Utusan Melaysia

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Official Portal - Portal Rasmi
Occupational Safety, Health and Environment Office,
Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia,
86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor
Phone: +6 (07) 453 7228 / 7732
Fax: +6 (07) 453 7639
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"Safety Starts Here"